Will die but leave the country for a better life
Every day several buses carry hundreds of people from the western Afghan city of Herat to the Iran-Afghanistan border
Every day hundreds of Afghans make the arduous journey to Iran. But despite being successful in reaching Iran, they are sent back to Afghanistan. Every day several buses carry hundreds of people from the western Afghan city of Herat to the Iran-Afghanistan border. There they meet their smugglers and then travel on foot for several days. Sometimes they travel with people trapped in trucks and sometimes they walk a mountain range in the dark, avoiding thieves and border guards. Upon reaching Iran, they try to get a job and some plan to go to Europe. The journey to Iran is very difficult, they have only a few pieces of bread to eat and water to drink. They do not carry heavy bags with them so that they can walk for a long time. Will die but will leave the country Haroon, 20, who was on a bus going to the Iranian border, said he wanted to go to Europe with his friend Fouad. They say, " We have no option but to go. Even if we have to die, we accept it." Afghanistan has been in serious economic trouble since the Taliban came to power.
International funding to run the Afghan government is stalled. The US freezes the foreign assets of the Afghan government. At the same time, the world looks at the Taliban with suspicion. Due to international aid and drought in the country, many people are facing difficulty in getting even bread. People do not have employment and most of the population is dying of hunger. In such a situation, the number of people leaving the country has increased significantly. According to the Norwegian Refugee Council, three lakh Afghans have fled the country in the past three months, and between 4,000 and 5,000 are leaving Afghanistan every day. Although many people want to reach Europe, the number of Afghan refugees reaching Europe is very limited. Most want to start a new life in Iran. Iran is now returning Afghan refugees Iran already has 3 million Afghan refugees.
Iran is now sending 20,000 to 30,000 Afghans back every week. According to the International Organization for Migration, Iran has repatriated 1.1 million Afghans this year alone. This is 30 percent more than last year's deportation. A female human trafficker in Herat told that she takes $400 for taking an Afghan citizen to Iran. But he only needs $16 in advance. The rest of the money is sent by the refugees when they get jobs. During the visit, human traffickers also bribe Taliban, Iranian and Pakistani guards so that they do not stop them. Herat is the third-largest city in Afghanistan. The city is just an hour away from the Iranian border. But strict monitoring is being done by the administration. Most citizens travel three hundred miles south to Nimroj, where they enter Pakistan, and from there attempt to enter Iran.