How successful is Germany's bottle deposit scheme

German consumers eagerly return their used bottles.

How successful is Germany's bottle deposit scheme
Bottle deposit scheme

Saturday morning people queue up in a supermarket in the German city of Cologne carrying bags full of bottles and boxes. But they have come here not to buy anything but to return them. The process is easy. When they buy their soft drinks, they pay a fixed deposit along with the price to the shopkeepers. In the German language, it is called fund yen deposit. When consumers return their bottles and cans to the store, they get their money back. Tomas Fischer, who oversees the circular economy at an NGO called Environmental Action Germany (DUH), told DW: "Before 2003, about three billion disposable bottles and cans were thrown into the environment every year. But these days, Germany is proud that this disposable material has a return rate of 98 percent. "It is impossible to find a higher rate than this now," says Fischer. Germany's fund system produces two types of bottles: those with a deposit amount set by the producer, ranging from eight euro cents to 25 euro cents. They can be used multiple times and are made of glass or PET. They are made of plastic. Under the second type, only one-time use cans or containers come and then they are recycled. The deposit on these is fixed by the government and that is 25 euro cents. Fund system for consumers like this It's just a matter of pouring empty bottles into a machine but what happens after that is a bit complicated.

The thrilling journey of bottles when a refillable bottle, say a cola bottle, When it is returned to the supermarket, a long journey begins with it. The wholesaler of the beverage carries many such empty bottles in trucks to the sorting center where they are stacked along with other bottles of the same size. After this, the bottle is delivered to the producers using the same type of bottle. There it is cleaned, reloaded, and made available in the shop for resale. According to the German Environment Agency (UBA), one such glass bottle can be filled 50 times without any deterioration in quality. The new goods are reloaded and made available in the shop for resale. According to the German Environment Agency (UBA), one such glass bottle can be filled 50 times without any deterioration in quality. The new goods are reloaded and made available in the shop for resale. According to the German Environment Agency (UBA), one such glass bottle can be filled 50 times without any deterioration in quality.